Jan Amos KOMENSKÝ - life, work, legacy

Schola infantiae I


Scholae vernaculae delineatio

Outline of a national school



Origin of the work:
  prior to 1657

  1657 Amsterdam, Opera didactica omnia I

1938 Brno, Veškeré spisy J. A. Komenského, vol. IV, 2

1957 Prague, Opera didactica omnia I (phototype edition)

1986 Prague, J. A. Comenii Opera omnia, vol. 15/I




A list of textbook titles for the first cycle of schooling in the mother tongue, in the homeland, in the first volume of the Opera didactica omnia (see the entry for the ODO). It was perhaps sometime prior to 1627 that Comenius prepared for publication six books for schools in his homeland, intended for young people from the ages of six to twelve years, which however were never issued. The restoration of schools at home could not be carried out, nor the books published, and thus at least the titles of these texts, aimed at domestic reform, could be given:

I. The Violarium (the Violet Garden) of Christian youth, containing the most fragrant blooms of scholastic education.

II. The Rosarium (the Rose Garden) containing a bouquet of the fragrant blooms of continuing, good education.

III. The Viridarium (the Green Garden) of youth studying the arts and sciences, providing all necessary for a knowledge of and belief in everything that is good in Heaven and on Earth, and human aptitude.

IV. The Sapientiae labyrinthus (Labyrinth of Wisdom) of youth studying the arts and sciences of all useful in any way in the sharpening of the soul and the keeping of this in the memory, drawn from the Holy Books and other sources and provided in the form of responses to riddles and their solving.





V. The Balsamentum spirituale (The Spiritual Balsam Garden), in which Christian youth is provided with all that is offered by human arts and sciences and in human life for observation and training for the fifth year of scholastic education.

VI. The Paradisus animae (The Paradise of the Soul), containing the core of the whole of Divine Scripture, and in particular church hymns and prayers for the strengthening of the soul of the Christian youth growing to adulthood.


For further study, see also:

J. A. Comenii Opera omnia, vol. 15/I. Prague 1986, pp480-481

Jan Kumpera, Jan Amos Komenský, poutník na rozhraní věků. Prague & Ostrava 1992, pp274-278




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