Origin of the work:
1663 Amsterdam (attached with the Rytmus k doufání to the second edition of the Historie o těžkých protivenstvích církve české)
1983 Prague, J. A. Comenii Opera omnia, vol. 4
It is a lament for the bleak situation of the Unitas Fratrum, created in a stylised Biblical form as a paraphrase of the Lament of Jeremiah. Given the difficult situation of the Bohemian Brethren as a church the author turns to God, who has inflicted punishment upon him for the transgressions of his forefathers, and expresses his faith in Him and the hope that He will lead the cowed people back to their restored lands.
For further study, see also:
J. A. Comenii Opera omnia, vol. 4. Prague 1983, pp378-379