Origin of the work:
1938 Prague, in: Věstník Královské české společnosti nauk, no. 4, pp60-67
Pavel Fabricius, administrator of the Bohemian Church in Leszno and senior of the Unitas Fratrum, died on January 3rd 1649. Comenius gave this sermon at Fabricius’ funeral in Leszno on the 6th of the same month.
The difficult position of the Unitas Fratrum in exile and without the possibility of a return to its homeland, and the death of one of its foremost spiritual leaders, reminded Comenius of events in the Bible – the miserable wandering of the Israelites in the desert on their journey to the Promised Land, and the death of their High Priest, Aaron. This was the subject matter addressed by the sermon. Comenius first recalls the particular events and signs surrounding the death of Pavel Fabricius. In the later sections, which deal with Aaron’s death (Comenius comparing Aaron to Fabricius) in four parts, Comenius relates the Lord’s announcement of Aaron’s death, his preparation for dying, the death itself and the honour shown him by the people after his death. A passionate prayer by the Czech people, suffering greatly in exile, follows, with a plea to God for His mercy and answer. The sermon finishes with “witness”, providing basic details of the life and works of the deceased.
For further study see also:
A. Škarka, Nový komeniologický nález. In: Věstník Královské české společnosti nauk, no.4, 1939, pp1-41
Jan Kumpera, J. A. Komenský, poutník na rozhraní věků. Prague & Ostrava 1992, p253