Origin of the work:
1894 Prague, in: Nár. učitel 4, Czech translation by J. Šmaha
1896 Giessen, in: Joh. A. Comenii Physicae ... synopsis, German & Latin
1978 Prague, J. A. Comenii Opera omnia, vol. 12
1968 Prague, Vybrané spisy J. A. Komenského, vol. V, editorial board, Czech translation by V. T. Miškovská-Kozáková
A natural-scientific dissertation on the nature of heat and cold. This tract is dedicated to Dr. Arnold Senguerd, Professor of Philosophy at the Amsterdam Academy, with whom Comenius had spoken in October 1658 on his voyage to that city. Senguerd at that time expressed that in such things, none of the philosophers failed to please him.
The problem of heat and cold had existed among philosophers since the 16th century. Comenius was led to publish his text by complaints of cruel frosts for the second winter in a row, and the disputational contention at a neighbouring university that heat is the movement of the smallest particles, while cold is their immobility. Comenius does not agree with the second part of this claim.
Rather, he expresses the opinion that heat originates in the expansion of the smallest particles and coldness in their compaction. This work is valuable because with his concept of heat and cold as motion Comenius helped the corpuscular theory to victory, and that the derivation of cold from heat and indirectly from the Sun created a kind of semantic heliocentrism, as opposed to the astronomical heliocentrism of which he was otherwise an opponent.
For further study, see also:
Vybrané spisy J. A. Komenského, vol. V. Prague 1968, pp185-186
J. A. Comenii Opera omnia, vol. 12. Prague 1978, pp284-286
J. V. Novák & J. Hendrich, Jan Amos Komenský, jeho život a spisy. Prague 1932, pp555-556
Jan Kumpera, J. A. Komenský, poutník na rozhraní věků. Prague & Ostrava 1992, p234
Pavel Floss, Atomy, pohyb, teplo. Přerov 1963