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Jan Amos KOMENSKÝ - life, work, legacy

Didaktika analytická 

The Analytical Didactics 

Chapter X - Novissima lingvarum methodus; title of the separate publication of this chapter in translation (into Czech, German and English).

 


Origin of the work:
  Chapter X of the Novissima lingvarum methodus (Newest Method of Languages)

Separate editions:  1874 Prague, Czech translation by F. J. Zoubek

1908 Prague, Vybrané spisy J. A. Komenského, Czech translation by A. Krejčí

1946 Prague, Czech translation by H. Businská


Contents:

In the tenth chapter of his Newest Method of Languages (the Methodus), Comenius coherently summarised his main didactic fundamentals into 187 propositions. Because he inferred the term didactics as the theory of correct teaching from the field of analytics, this section was entitled Analytical Didactics, and when published separately appeared under the same name. After the Great Didactic (the Didactica magna) this is the most important instruction on correct teaching.

Comenius first sets out some universal basics. He explains what it means to teach and to learn knowledge, through which means he considers how pupils may be effectively motivated, the roles of the pupil and the teacher, and the need for discipline. These general fundamentals attain appropriate importance through the use of didactics, particularly with a view to teaching aids, pupils and the aims of learning. The working method requires theory, circumspection and practice. In every skill practice must mean more than theory, and practice must begin from the smallest things, never from the whole. The linguistic method is more work that the method of the scientific disciplines and the learning of deeds. The work further considers how to teach quickly, pleasantly and thoroughly from the points of view of the aim, media and means of teaching. Teaching must be reliable. Everything through his own senses, ever and variously, the unending personal experience of the pupil. Repeat and test constantly. Everything that it will be necessary to establish in the didactic of language must be shown in relation to the didactic fundamentals contained in Chapter X of the Newest Method of Languages, i.e. in the Analytical Didactic.

 

For further study, see also:

J. V. Novák & J. Hendrich, Jan Amos Komenský, jeho život a spisy. Prague 1932, pp398-401

Vybrané spisy J. A. Komenského, vol. II. Prague 1908, ppXXXIX-LI

J. A. Komenský, Didaktika analytická, Prague 1946, pp5-17 (introduction)

 

 



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